BACH - Air for the G String & Violin Concerto No.1


The Scottish Chamber Orchestra directed by Jaime Laredo (1985, Innovative Music Products Ltd.-Hallmark Classics-Carlton Music) Bach: Air from Orchestral Suite No. 3 in D major & Violin Concerto No. 1 in A minor, 3rd Movt. Johann Sebastian Bach (31 March 1685 [O.S. 21 March] 28 July 1750) (often referred to as Bach) was a German composer and organist whose ecclesiastical and secular works for choir, orchestra, and solo instruments drew together the strands of the Baroque period and brought it to its ultimate maturity. Although he introduced no new forms, he enriched the prevailing German style with a robust contrapuntal technique, an unrivalled control of harmonic and motivic organisation, and the adaptation of rhythms, forms and textures from abroad, particularly Italy and France. Revered for their intellectual depth, technical command and artistic beauty, Bach's works include the Brandenburg concertos, the Goldberg Variations, the Partitas, the Well-Tempered Clavier, the Mass in B Minor, the St. Matthew Passion, the St. John Passion, the Magnificat, The Musical Offering, The Art of Fugue, the English and French Suites, the Sonatas and Partitas for solo violin, the Cello Suites, more than 200 surviving cantatas, and a similar number of organ works, including the celebrated Toccata and Fugue in D minor and Passacaglia and Fugue in C minor. Bach's abilities as an organist were highly respected throughout Europe during his lifetime, although he was not widely recognised as a great composer until a revival of interest and performances of his music in the first half of the 19th century. He is now regarded as the greatest composer of the Baroque, and as one of the greatest of all time. The four Orchestral Suites or Ouvertures BWV 10661069 are a set of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach, probably composed between 1725 and 1739 in Leipzig. The word ouverture refers to an opening movement in which a section of slow dotted-note rhythm is followed by a fugue; at the time, this name was also used to refer to a whole suite of dance-pieces in the French baroque style. Ouverture No. 3 in D major, BWV 1068: Instrumentation: Trumpet I/II/III, timpani, oboe I/II, violin I/II, viola, basso continuo. The Air is one of the most famous pieces of classical music. An arrangement of the piece by German violinist August Wilhelmj (1845 - 1908) has come to be known as Air on the G String. The original orchestral suite was written by Bach for his patron Prince Leopold of Anhalt sometime between the years 1717 and 1723. The title comes from violinist Wilhelmj's late 19th century arrangement of the piece for violin and piano. By transposing the key of the piece from its original D major to C major and transposing the melody down an octave, Wilhelmj was able to play the piece on only one string of his violin, the G string. It was sampled for the soundtrack of the film Yellow Submarine. It was conducted by George Martin and released as Sea Of Monsters. In the movie Se7en, Morgan Freeman is doing research in a library late at night and comments towards the nightwatchmen that they should take in some of the culture of the place, instead of playing poker all night. As an answer, one of the night guards turns on the radio to this musical piece, which becomes the score for the scene where Morgan Freeman finds lots of plot tells (whilst the guards still play poker...) The Violin Concerto in A minor by J. S. Bach (BWV 1041) is a concerto in 3 movements: Allegro moderato Andante — with an ostinato style theme Allegro assai The Clavier Concerto in G minor, BWV 1058, is an arrangement of this concerto with piano or harpsichord. In the final movement Bach relies on bariolage figures to generate striking acoustic effects.

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